For ancient peoples, the activities of the tribe — hunting, farming, warfare, writing, weaving, cooking, eating together, making and consuming alcohol, etc. — were the same activities as those of the gods and goddesses. The tribe had not developed or inherited these through historical accidents, encounters, or forces, but because the gods had given these to humanity — not always willingly.
From warfare to farming, the vocations had their own rites, sometimes to do with invoking certain powers (as in the “Berserker” warriors, who, perhaps partly through the use of psychedelics, became ferocious as wolves and bears, and impervious to pain), and sometimes to do with harmonizing with the forces of nature (e.g., planting seeds for crops). Metallurgists appear sometimes to have an initiatory function, and to have served in a similar capacity to the shaman (“wizard priest”).
Yet, even well into the modern era, trade guilds still had their own…
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